While the construction industry was mostly dependent on manual labor, the present day scenario is quite different. Due to various technological advancements in the construction industry, the overall efficacy and productivity increased two folds.
Various advanced robotics, for example, are great alternatives to human laborers as they don’t easily get tired and work with high effectiveness unless they get maintenance issues.
Perhaps this also explains why modern day robotics along with advanced automation technologies is beginning to bear a huge impact on the broad construction sector. There are many project managers who are realizing the great benefits provided through these technologies, such as the cost savings and operational boost in efficiency.
Thus, it’s safe to state that these technologies are changing the current construction face. Here are some ways from which these technologies disrupt the field.
1. Collaborative Work Approach
In the recent past, robots and humans worked collaboratively. Machines typically handled repetitive and rote tasks, a lot of which weren’t that difficult. However, with the current AI, advanced robotics, and data processing, the machines can be instructed to handle a lot of critical jobs.
Also, they don’t speed up processes while taking a few onuses from the humans like job assigning, placing speed bumps and safety signs, hazard monitoring, etc. – here we’re talking about machines that can change workflow and safety prospects in the job site.
2. Streamlining Job Responsibilities
AI software and advanced robotics are also used for significantly improving the accuracy and efficiency of the present day duties. For example, the Robotic total stations, also allow a single person measurement operations and job site layout. In the past, such tasks were mostly-multi person works that required a minimum of half-day work or more. Nowadays, it is possible to do these in a few minutes with only one person at the jobsite.
3. More productivity with Light Detection and Ranging (LIDAR) Laser Scanning
While it is possible to monitor job-site progress through the human eye, human perception isn’t always considered as the most effective comparison tool. The technology startup, Doxel is building a robotic design for climbing starts while autonomously navigating the construction sites. While it is possible to do it, it also requires LIDAR laser scanners for making a real-time 3D worksite model.
A bot demonstration found that the real-time modeling led to reduction of the budget of the project by 11%. Also it led to an increase in productivity by 38% as it allowed supervisors to know the amount of accomplished jobs while accurately calculating the owed money for the day.
4. 3D Printing on Jobsite
Additive manufacturing which is also colloquially known as the 3D printing process is now among the quickest-growing fields in various industries. Nowadays, 3D printers are available almost everywhere, from medical stores to the International Space Station.
Also they’re beginning to make an appearance in the construction industry. Buildings are 3D printed with machines meant to lay upon concrete layers while making a whole structure in weeks rather than months. The 3D printing technology is still considered as new and its usage can be seen only in demos.
After hitting mainstream, it also changes the whole working technique of the construction industry.
5. Save On Costs
Despite having the best teams available, a lot of mega projects cross the budget. Artificial Networks have been used on projects for anticipation of cost overruns depending on various parameters like the project size, type of contract and the level of expertise of project managers.
Through the use of historical data and pattern recognition, in addition to scheduling systems connection and other related information, the AI proves to help in managing schedules for the future projects.
The predictive maintenance is also helpful for minimizing delays in cost along with downtime. As an outcome, the delivery of the project is expedited.
6. Automated Safety Checks
Construction works aren’t without hazards. There are various prospective hazards at a site from the dangerous structures to moving equipment striking dangers to the humans. Thus, the AI proves to be helpful in improving safety on the job sites.
Also, rather than old devices like safety signs and speed bumps the construction sites get equipped with the IoT devices, cameras and sensors for monitoring different aspects of the construction operations while informing the staff whenever possible safety hazards are detected.
Automation in Logistics and Management
Big data systems and artificial intelligence are usable for digging into the effectiveness of a job site and precisely managing goings-on. While software systems autonomously handle logistics, and deliver real-time updates to a crew through mobile devices. An easy way to explain this would be when Siri and Alexa assistants were managing operations, allotting orders, and delivering updates on the project.
Such automated processes also are repeated minute after minute and all unsafe events get logged. Also, it trains models of image classification for detection of the nature of performed activity, ex. concreting, bar bending, etc. Not only it minimizes liability but also results in increased efficiency and saved lives.
The construction industry has an unparalleled scale. And if people were patient with fine-tuning the user experience to reach the product-market fit, the AI can transform millions of lives. Most likely in the future, AI uses and machine learning technology will be the basic routine in the construction industry standards.