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You need to know these 5G terms


More speed and capacity than LTE with room to grow.

Carriers like to cover their ads with phrases that you would not know unless you had been following 5G news closely. 5G is using technology in more sophisticated ways than ever before and bringing in much more technical phrases to explain its coverage and speed. These are some of the phrases you should know and understand if you are thinking about making the move to 5G.


5G New Radio is the name of the standard being used to build out 5G coverage. When it comes down to it, all 5G equipment needs to work together consistently and for years to come. Anything you see today called 5G is going to be using this standard, except for one major outlier.


The major outlier when it comes to 5G is 5Ge, which isn’t 5G NR. It actually isn’t 5G at all. 5G Evolution is the marketing name AT&T has given to its LTE Advanced network. While this represents the best of 4G with MIMO support and fiber optic backhauls, it really has nothing to do with 5G.

5G NSA or non-standalone

Some 5G NR deployments are working as 5G non-standalone, which means it relies on the existence of a 4G network to function properly. This 4G network can be used for certain information that’s necessary for establishing a connection to a tower. The early stages of 5G deployment had phones falling back on 4G for uploads mainly but have started to move towards a standalone 5G network.

5G SA or Standalone

Standalone 5G or 5G SA is the future of 5G NR deployment since it will be able to operate on its own. This will make deployments simpler and cheaper. It can also lead to an overall stronger network since the entire infrastructure will be new.

DSS or Dynamic spectrum switching

When a carrier wants to use its 4G spectrum for 5G, it has to decide whether to discontinue 4G service or share it with 5G. The best way to get this done right now is DSS or dynamic spectrum switching. With DSS, equipment on the tower changes how much of the available spectrum should be available for each connection type on the fly. Within milliseconds, the network can be adjusted to fit different types of loads.

RAN or Radio Access Network

A Radio Access Network refers to the equipment that sits between your wireless device and the internet connection at large. This tech has been evolving with wireless networks to efficiently and quickly connect your device to the internet or your carrier’s wireless network. Once you connect to the closest tower, the RAN connects you through to the core network. 5G RAN does offer a bit more since it aims to bring more of your services closer to you improving speed and latency.

Core network

The core network is where your connection is taken after it has been directed by the other equipment in the tower. This can be a connection to a subnetwork, such as a network that provides a connection to a building or a larger network that can direct traffic all over the world.



When a connection is initiated between your device and a destination such as a website, the request is sent to the server before the server decides which files to send back. The amount of time this takes is called latency. Latency depends on a lot of variables, but one significant piece of the puzzle has long been the cell tower serving all the devices connected to it. Measured in milliseconds, this transmission time greatly affects the responsiveness of a connection. Lower latency has been at the core design of 5G and will likely prove to be one of the biggest upgrades over older tech.


Even older wireless technologies like 3G and 4G operated on wireless bands. These bands are just chunks of frequency reserved for a company that has licensed them from the FCC. Think of it like using between 600Mhz and 610Mhz as a single band, or collection, of all the frequencies that can be utilized effectively for one purpose. 5G tech can utilize a very wide range of bands and from the low bands offering the coverage, we had become used to with 3G and 4G to very high-frequency bands that offer enormous speeds thanks to being available in large chunks but with a few significant compromises.


Millimeter wave

Living in the space above 24Ghz, millimeter wave 5G has access to huge chunks of data allowing speeds in excess of 1Gbps. Referred to as high-band by the FCC, and mmWave by Qualcomm and AT&T, this is the current spectrum utilized by Verizon for 5G as well as part of T-Mobile and AT&T’s 5G networks. One issue with these frequencies is immediately apparent when it comes to coverage.

5G in the high-band requires a lot of smaller, lower range cell towers increasing the cost of deployment but also allowing for a far larger number of connections in dense urban areas. While millimeter wave highlights the benefits of 5G immediately with its immense speed and capacity, as time goes on, a combination of all of the above will make up the future of 5G coverage.


Sub-6 5G references any 5G NR deployed on frequencies under 6GHz. Sub-6 5G will have better coverage than millimeter wave but isn’t as available making the potential top speed lower.


The FCC says that low band frequencies are those at 600Mhz, 800Mhz, and 900Mhz. Lower frequency signals are less susceptible to interference from things like walls and atmospheric conditions, which makes them a great choice for covering a lot of geographic space.

These frequencies were preferred by many cell providers for years since they allow for large coverage areas with fewer towers. Today, however, people are using more data than ever and the high value of these lower bands means that there isn’t any growing room and even with newer tech like 5G, they won’t be able to keep up with the growing demand for data. For that, you need more frequency, and that is found in higher bands.

T-Mobile and AT&T have deployed a low-band 5G network at 600MHz and 850MHz respectively. This has helped increase 5G coverage massively over millimeter wave deployments.



Mid-band refers to the frequencies under 6GHz but above the low-band frequencies. This currently includes 2.5Ghz, 3.5Ghz, and 3.7-4.2Ghz. As time passes, more frequencies can be utilized that were previously reserved for defunct technologies like over the air television.

Sprint has been deploying 5G service on its 2.5Ghz bands which is currently the lowest of any provider, allowing it to leapfrog its competitors in coverage. This also means that this deployment of 5G will likely never match the top speeds on offer from providers that use millimeter wave, thanks to narrower bands of available frequencies available.



There is a constant battle for spectrum between every industry that needs it. And there are quite a few industries that need it. The C-band is a communications band between 3.7 and 4.2 GHz that is being cleared for use with 5G. This mid-band spectrum will help 5G providers more quickly expand service with enough spectrum for high speeds, approximately 300 MHz.

Since it’s part of the mid-band, this C-band spectrum is essential to quick 5G deployment thanks to its ability to deliver high speeds while still offering better building penetration than millimeter wave.


This refers to the 3.5 GHz Citizens Broadband Radio Service. CBRS aims to use the spectrum between 3.5 GHz and 3.7 GHz to deliver faster, more reliable mobile broadband service for LTE and 5G. Many phones already support this frequency and will be able to benefit as soon as service is deployed. This spectrum also means that there should be better compatibility with other countries that are using 3.5 GHz spectrum for 5G.

OnGo is one of the main services to make use of CBRS and is already being prepared for use in places like airports or on transit systems like the train system in Dallas. This service can allow for faster and more reliable connections than Wi-Fi can provide.


Depending on location, there are unused and unlicensed chunks of spectrum. With new agreements, these spaces can be utilized for 5G and even 4G in the case of AT&T’s 4G LTE LAA service. While it’s not certain yet how much of this spectrum will become available for 5G use, the flexibility of 5G tech makes it a candidate.

UWB or Ultra Wideband


Ultra Wideband is the phrase that Verizon Wireless is using to describe its use of high-band 5G technology. Referencing the ability to use a much larger band at higher frequencies, Verizon’s particular brand of 5G should look very similar to other versions using these bands. Verizon has been hard at work expanding this deployment and has even started using it for high-speed home internet.


Multiple-input, multiple-output technology, or MIMO, is being used on towers to help manage large amounts of traffic. This has been in use on upgraded LTE Advanced towers as well, but it’s a big part of how 5G is going to deliver a smooth and consistent experience even when managing a lot of connections. In short, it manages connections to prioritize keeping connections active and moving without getting backed up due to heavier users.


Used to combat the reduced penetration on higher frequencies, beamforming is a technology that can use multiple sources of a signal to actively switch to a stronger and faster tower if one signal is blocked. This will be utilized to keep connections strong even when traveling between different cell sites.

Small cells


Finally, one of the most literal phrases on the list, small cells are cell phone sites much smaller than a traditional tower. These cell sites often reside on street light poles or on the ceiling of a large indoor area. The weaker penetration of higher band signals makes it necessary to install many more, but significantly faster, cell sites in dense areas. While possible to use with LTE coverage, these small cells will see much greater use with 5G.

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LDPlayer Join Uptodown: What does the deal bring to you?

Android emulators for PC have become a must-have for many players who want to run and play their mobile games on their desktop. The LDPlayer has been one of the best tools for this job to use it as an emulator and offers superior performance, and it is now coming with the official Uptodown app.LDPlayerLDPlayer is a Free Android emulator that helps you to enjoy the mobile operating system from your system. The other emulators only support Android 4.4, but the LDPlayer offers support to all Android versions above 5.1.The best thing about LDPlayer is that it is compatible with almost every popular mobile game and is considered one of the best emulators so far.READ: LDPlayer – Android Emulator for Windows PC and LaptopLDPlayer offers features for automation and multi-instance management to simultaneously run multiple emulated devices at once. Moreover, it can also help you to complete repetitive tasks by tapping on the screen for you.What’s in it for you?We all love playing games, and we all want such tools that allow us to play the same game on different platforms without any difficulty. It gives you a chance to use other hardware devices to play the game on your system.Moreover, with this tool’s help, you can improve the framerate and resolution of your games, which you were unable to do on your mobile screens.For example, the famous game PUBG Mobile can reach 2Ka resolutions if you have a better graphics card. Also you can try to download Among Us to get the ultimate gaming experience.Sharing the same PhilosophyUptodown and LDPlayer share the same philosophy, and both these platforms have a user-friendly interface, and you can jump easily from one option to another.To use the program, you do not have to go for the installation process or register anything, and you can start using it as soon as you open it.With the combination of these two platforms, you will get a complete catalog full of Android apps at your fingertips, and you can use it with the default app installer.Advantage of an UpdateThe official app brings you an advantage that you can update the games and apps in the background which your Android Operating System was resisting. However, you have to get root permissions to install them automatically.The best thing that both Uptodown and LDPlayer contain is that they do not require any registration. Moreover, you do not have to log in to your Gmail account to use the LDPlayer.Benefits for the playersSome benefits that the combination of Uptodown and LDPlayer brought are as follow:The combination of both platforms brought a non-intrusive interface for the users.The platform comes with its own separate marketplace in the form of an independent app, and you can also access any other store.It gives you the chance to expand the virtual disc or select a manually fixed size for the simulation to the output resolution.You can get specific tweaks to make your game work perfectly according to the situation.The LDPlayer has been considered the most compatible system with the Uptodown as it does not delay the audio being played from a recording video.It also does not reduce the framerate, not even by a shred when you are playing a YouTube video while using LDPlayer.You are going to get a fully customizable control mapping with predefined key assignments for tons of games.The software can modify the output resolution and obtain impressive results in 3D games.You get a chance by using the combination of these two platforms to record videos of your games with the integrated capture tool present in the system.LDPlayer allows you to move documents between the system and the software with ease.You can even install APKs from the Uptodown in the system for using them in the LDPlayer.It offers high performance when it comes to graphics, no matter which game you are playing.You get a chance to set up your game set according to your desire, and according to the graphic card, you have installed in the system.You can enable high frame rate mode if you want, but too depends on the kind of game you are playing.Players can set if they want to see the HDR option in the game or not.The software allows you to manage your gaming scripts automatically.LDPlayers gives players a chance to faster rerolls in Gacha games with multi-instance sync.Other features of LDPlayerThe combination of both these platforms has increased the gaming industry’s features as now you can easily take the game from the Uptodown and can play it in the LDPlayer, which you were not able to play before.Moreover, the platform provides better graphics and performance results, and you can now play any game that you want on a bigger screen instead of your mobile phones.The LDPlayer gives you the chance to visualize your Android device on a PC, and with the help of Uptodown, you can get your hands on all kinds of games.InstallationHowever, the installer is in Chinese, but that should not cause any trouble for you because even if you don’t know Chinese, follow me. Open the Installer, and when it is launched, start clicking the orange button that you see for a few times, and it is installed.After it has been installed, go to the settings (the gear option) and change the software’s language by going to the second tab and selecting the last option. There you can see all the languages which you can use in this software.One negative of this LDPlayer is that it does not come with embedded Google Play Services, and you do not have to worry about it actually. You can install the Google Play Services manually after installing the LDPlayer in your system.ConclusionLDPlayer’s cooperation with Uptodown has brought various advantages to the gamers and the gaming industry. The LDPlayer is fat better than other emulators such as Bluestacks or Memu, and it has the capacity to keep updating the games from the Uptodown platform. Overall, it has been a great advancement to play Android games on the PC.EDITOR NOTE: This is a promoted post and should not be viewed as an editorial endorsement.

How to get the best quality when streaming Netflix on a Chromebook

When you pay for Netflix’s most expensive plan, you want to get the highest streaming quality no matter where you watch, and I don’t blame you.However, you may be surprised to find out that the quality of your video and audio is not only dependent on your plan and connection, but also the device you use, as well as the browser. Keep reading to find out how to get the highest quality when streaming Netflix on a Chromebook.In ShortUse the Chrome browser, it supports up to 1080p video, and that’s as good as it gets on a Chromebook.Chromebooks don’t support 4K HDR playbackFirst off, it’s time for the bad news, unfortunately, Chromebooks don’t support 4K HDR playback. Instead, 1080p video quality is the best you’re going to get as a Chromebook user.READ: Get the best resolution for Netflix on your PCAccording to the Netflix support page, streaming with the Chrome browser on a Chromebook supports up to 1080p. What about running the Android Netflix app on a Chromebook? I’m glad you asked, turns out, that’s even worse, with a maximum resolution of 480p.Now, it is possible to get 1080p and even HDR when using the Android app, but that is limited to Netflix certified Android tablets and phones, which Chromebooks are not.Regardless, even with a maximum resolution of 480p, there is a benefit to using the Netflix app on Chromebooks, offline watching. If you’re out and about, unsure whether there is going to be a stable connection or not, then you’re going to want to download some videos, and the Netflix app is the only way that’s happening.It’s not all bad newsI’m sure this is disappointing to hear if you pay for Netflix’s top tier plan. However, take solace in the knowledge that there are very few Chromebooks out there with a 4K display.Also, be glad that Chrome even supports 1080p on Chromebooks, because it is limited to 720p on Windows devices. However, at least Windows users have the option to watch in 4K HDR with surround sound, you can find out how with our guide.

Verizon officially launches nationwide 5G network

Verizon this week announced that it has launched the nationwide sub-6 GHz 5G network, giving its customers broad 5G coverage.According to Verizon, the network covers over 200 million people across some 1,800 cities and towns in the US.Verizon also detailed plans to continue building out its mmWave “Ultra Wideband” network, which provides even higher speeds in select dense areas.This week sees mmWave 5G going live in some 19 new cities, including Baltimore, Hartford, Las Vegas, Louisville, Milwaukee, Oklahoma City, Philadelphia, San Francisco, and St. Louis. This brings the total to 55 markets with a goal of hitting 60 by the end of the year.Verizon 5G Ultra Wideband is also available at 43 stadiums and arenas as well as seven airports.Motorola One 5G UW Now AvailableThe Motorola One 5G UW is now available through Verizon, providing customers with one of the first devices to support both versions of the 5G network. With an all-in retail price of $549.99, it’s just $22.91 per month for 24 months.Powered by Android 10, the phone features a 6.7-inch display, 48-megapixel quad-camera array, and a large 5,000mAh battery.

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